Lubrication basics

I recently went to a seminar on lubrication basics. This was presented by Mike Deckert of Flo Components Ltd.

So why talk about lubrication on a industrial automation website? Lubrication is vital in maintaining uptime on equipment. It is often thought of near the end of most automation projects, but it should be a principle component of all projects. If a piece of equipment moves, it will probably need lubrication. We often talk about MTBF (Mean Time Before Failure) on equipment. MTBF will be very low if lubrication is neglected.

In a study conducted by a major component manufacturer, over 50% of failures are the result of improper lubrication.  (Pins and Bushing)

  • Lubrication Related Failures: 54%
    • Inadequate Lubrication – 34.4%
    • Contamination – 19.6%
  • Installation Errors – 17.7%
  • Overload – 6.9%
  • Storage and Handling Errors – 2.8%
  • Other 18.6 %

Bearings fail in a plant for many reasons. Manual lubrication is still the dominant method of lubrication for grease bearings. 95% of all bearings are manually lubed. With plant production increasing the scheduled service time between has lengthened. Maintenance staff have generally been reduced resulting in fewer people carrying out the lubrication requirements.

Lubrication has the following functions:

  • Reduce Friction
  • Reduce Wear
  • Helps Dampen Shock or Absorb Shock
  • Reduce Temperature
  • Minimize Corrosion
  • Seal out Contaminants

Lubrication interval depends on the following:

  • Metal to metal contact area of bearing
  • Environment (Application)
  • Machine Speed
  • Operating Temperature
  • Type of Grease

Not all grease is the same. Grease is a solid or semi-solid formed when a thickening agent is dispersed in the oil base. Additives give grease their final special properties. The National Lubrication Grading Index  (NLGI) will grade the grease from 000 to 6, but this is not the whole story. Always look at the manufactures specification. Base oil viscosity can be completely different but still have the same NLGI.

Lub1 Single Block Metering Valve

Why are automatic lubrication systems better?

  • Grease evenly distributed
    • The best time to grease is when the object is in motion. This spreads the grease evenly.
  • Will not over lubricate
    • Grease is delivered by measured injection. This prevents seals from blowing out.
  • Correct amount of grease is applied
    • This will ensure the maximum life of the equipment.
  • Environmentally safe

Lubrication is a vital component to automation. MTBF can be increase if we plan on ensuring that our moving parts are well maintained.

Flo Components Ltd. is an excellent company to help you understand and maintain your systems. They have a library full of information on their website.

www.flocomponents.com/Library.htm

I encourage you to check this out and make lubrication part of your automation projects. If you have any questions, or need further information please contact me.
Thank you,
Garry



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