Here is a Method That can Help You with Difficult Level Sensing

Turn a capacitive proximity sensor into a level sensor. This is ideal for tanks and vessels you cannot drill through the side for mounting.

Wrap the bare wire around the sensing head and extend it to the length you need to detect. Insulate the wire using electrical tape, but leave the end exposed. This acts as an antenna. Anything touching the end will now be seen. I have used 14 and 12 AWG wires, depending on the application.

This is ideal for hard-to-mount areas. You can bend the wire any way you want as long as the insulation (electrical tape) is not exposed. I have had the wire extend up to 30 feet from the sensor without an issue.

Some quick information about capacitive proximity sensors.
A capacitor is defined as two electrically charged plates separated by a dielectric. In the case of a capacitive proximity sensor, the dielectric is the material you are trying to detect. As the material moves closer to the electrostatic field of the sensor, oscillation begins. It will get past a threshold and trigger the output to switch.

Some common dielectric constants for material:
Glass – 5
Wood – 2.7
Paper – 2.3
Air, Vacuum – 1
Water – 80
Once you know the dielectric constant, you can determine the sensing range (Sr) by a chart that usually comes with the sensor or in the manufactures manual.

Example: Water is 80, so the sensing range is 100%

I generally try the sensor to determine if it suits the application.

If you have any questions or need further information, please get in touch with me.
Thank you,

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