Category Archives: PLC Basics

Click PLC Real Time Clock (RTC) – Ladder Logic


The click plc has a real-time clock that will allow us to control outputs based on a date or time of day. This real-time clock (RTC) can be set from the click programming software or through the program of the controller. Our programs in the click can use the following calendar and clock values:
SD19 – RTC Year – 4 digits (2021)
SD20 – RTC Year – 2 digits (21)
SD21 – RTC Month – (00 to 12)
SD22 – RTC Day – (00 to 31)
SD23 – RTC Day of the Week – 1 Sunday to 7 Saturday
SD24 – RTC Hour – (00 to 23)
SD25 – RTC Minute – (00 to 59)
SD26 – RTC Second – (00 to 59)
click plc real time clock
We will be using the RTC – Real Time Clock in a sample program. This program will turn on an output Monday to Friday from noon until 1 pm. It will also adjust for daylight savings time. Let’s get started. Keep on Reading!

Productivity Suite PLC Simulator Software Free Download


The productivity suite software now contains a plc simulator. The software is a free download and is available from automation direct. This software will now allow you to test or troubleshoot your program without the physical hardware present. The entire family of controllers can use the simulator. P1000, P2000, and P3000 emulation can happen on the following parts of the productivity series hardware:
– P1000 CPU’s and local I/O stack, P2000 and P3000 CPU’s and local bases
– All basic I/O modules, both analog and digital
– Modbus TCP Server/Client connections on external Ethernet port
Productivity Suite PLC Simulator Software Free Download
The simulation mode is available on the Productivity Suite version 3.8.x.x or higher. We will be discussing the PAC (Programmable Automation Controller) PLC Simulator. Testing this simulator will be done using our first program (Start-Stop Circuit) and the PID instruction in our Productivity 1000 series. We will also be connecting to physical hardware after using our simulator to test the program. Let’s get started. Keep on Reading!

Arduino Uno Super Starter Kit Hardware


Arduino consists of a family of single programmable circuit boards and the IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that uses a streamlined version of C++ to write and upload code to the boards. Many pre-configured circuit boards, called “shields”, are available to expand the functionality of the Arduino controller. These shields can provide Ethernet, WiFi, GPS, LCD displays, and motor controls, among others, by simply “stacking” or connecting the shields to the Arduino controller board. This Lego-style building of electronic devices is becoming more popular.
arduino uno kit hardware
The Arduino UNO is one of the best board to learn about electronics and coding. This robust board is the most used and documented board of the whole Arduino family.
arduino uno kit hardware
We will be looking at the Elegoo Arduino UNO R3 Super Starter Kit. Opening up this great learning tool and discussing the Uno board itself.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

P1AM Industrial Arduino Watchdog Timer


A watchdog is a piece of code that will timeout when an error occurs in our program. It will usually cause the CPU (program/sketch) to stop or reset.
p1am arduino watchdog timer
We will now look at the instructions for the watchdog timer in productivity blocks. This includes the Configure Watchdog, Start Watchdog, Stop Watchdog, and Pet Watchdog.
p1am arduino watchdog timer
Our sample sketch will modify the P1000 Expansion Digital Inputs and Outputs Part 2 program by adding a watchdog timer.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

P1AM Arduino P1 Digital Inputs and Outputs 2


In part 1 we added additional discrete digital inputs and outputs modules (cards) to our P1AM-START1 (Industrial Arduino) ProductivityOpen starter kit with Ethernet. A program was then discussed that will print the modules in our system and then set and reset discrete digital inputs and outputs.
P1-16TR – Productivity1000 relay output module, 16-point, 6-24 VDC/6-120 VAC, (16) Form A (SPST) no-suppression, 2 isolated common(s), 8 point(s) per common, 2A/point, 8A/common.
P1-16CDR – Productivity1000 discrete combo module, Input: 8-point, 24 VAC/VDC, sinking/sourcing, Output: 8-point, 6-24 VDC/6-120 VAC, relay, (8) Form A (SPST) relays, 1A/point.
P1-08SIM – Productivity1000 simulator input module, 8-point.

arduino digital inputs outputs
We will now discuss additional instructions in our industrial Arduino controller that will be used with our P1000 (P1) expansion modules. (cards) Our sample sketch will include a simple start/stop circuit and a shifting circuit.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

P1AM Arduino P1 Digital Inputs and Outputs 1


The productivity open Arduino P1AM I/O interface chip-set supports the full suite of Productivity 1000 (P1) Inputs / Outputs expansion modules. These modules are industry approved and proven in the industrial environment. Modern industrial signal levels for digital and analog inputs and outputs are used.
arduino digital inputs outputs
P1000 modules available to you include the following:
• Discrete (Digital)
• Analog
• Temperature
• Relay (Digital)
• High-speed Input
• PWM
arduino digital inputs outputs
We will be adding additional discrete input and output modules (cards) to our P1AM-START1 ProductivityOpen starter kit with Ethernet. A program will then be discussed that will print the modules in our system and then set and reset discrete digital inputs and outputs.
P1-16TR – Productivity1000 relay output module, 16-point, 6-24 VDC/6-120 VAC, (16) Form A (SPST) no-suppression, 2 isolated common(s), 8 point(s) per common, 2A/point, 8A/common.
P1-16CDR – Productivity1000 discrete combo module, Input: 8-point, 24 VAC/VDC, sinking/sourcing, Output: 8-point, 6-24 VDC/6-120 VAC, relay, (8) Form A (SPST) relays, 1A/point.
P1-08SIM – Productivity1000 simulator input module, 8-point.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Click PLC Modbus ASCII Protocol Communication


We will now look at the click plc modbus ascii protocol. This communication will happen in PLC ladder logic and communicate through the serial port (RS485) to a Solo process temperature controller. Modbus ASCII will be the communication protocol.
Modbus is a communication method used for transmitting information over serial lines between electronic devices. The device requesting the information is called the Modbus Master (Client) and the devices supplying information are Modbus Slaves (Servers). This protocol was originally developed by Modicon systems.
Modbus protocol comes in basically three different types. Ethernet (Modbus TCP) or Serial (Modbus RTU or Modbus ASCII). Modbus TCP and Modbus RTU come as standard protocols in the productivity series of PLCs.
click plc modbus ascii
We will connect the Click PLC to a Solo process temperature controller. This will be done using the Modbus ASCII protocol over serial RS485 communication wire. (Media) The present and set values (PV / SV) will be read from the Solo controller and the set value will be written when required. Let’s get started. Keep on Reading!

P1AM Industrial Arduino P1000 Expansion Analog


We will now look at the P1AM Arduino expansion analog modules. This analog expansion is part of the P1000 cards that the P1AM Arduino can use as it’s inputs and outputs. The productivity open P1AM I/O interface chip-set supports the full suite of Productivity 1000 I/O expansion modules. These modules are industry approved and proven in the industrial environment. Modern industrial signal levels for digital and analog inputs and outputs are used.
p1am arduino expansion analog
P1000 modules available to you include the following:
• Discrete
• Analog
• Temperature
• Relay
• High-speed Input
• PWM
p1am arduino expansion analog
We will be wiring and programming our P1-4ADL2DAL-1 combination analog input and output module that came with the P1AM-START1 ProductivityOpen starter kit with Ethernet. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Productivity Open P1AM Arduino Time Instructions


Time instructions in our productivity blocks programming (Arduino sketches) consist of runtime (ms), runtime (us), delay ms, and delay microseconds us.
arduino time instructions
We will be looking at each of these instructions that are available for our program using productivity blocks. Delay instructions in our sketches should be used with caution. They will pause our program for the delayed time, not allowing other parts of the program to function. We will be looking at this and the method to do the exact same delay functions without pausing your program.
arduino time instructions
A sample program will be discussed to demonstrate the time functions in our program. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Productivity Open P1AM Industrial Arduino Math


Math instructions in your Arduino sketches (programs) consist of arithmetic operations, compound operators, absolute, power, square root, sin, cos, tan, random, map and constrain.
p1am arduino math
These instructions will be generally used with other instructions in your sketch.

We will be looking at each of these instructions that are available using productivity blocks. A sample program will be discussed that will involve some of these math instructions. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!