Category Archives: Inputs

Wiring inputs to the plc like switches and proximity sensors. This also includes analog input signals.

Productivity Open P1AM Industrial Arduino P1000 Expansion Digital Inputs and Outputs Part 1


The productivity open P1AM I/O interface chip-set supports the full suite of Productivity 1000 I/O expansion modules. These modules are industry approved and proven in the industrial environment. Modern industrial signal levels for digital and analog inputs and outputs are used.

P1000 modules available to you include the following:
• Discrete
• Analog
• Temperature
• Relay
• High-speed Input
• PWM

We will be adding additional discrete input and output modules (cards) to our P1AM-START1 ProductivityOpen starter kit with Ethernet. A program will then be discussed that will print the modules in our system and then set and reset discrete digital inputs and outputs.
P1-16TR – Productivity1000 relay output module, 16-point, 6-24 VDC/6-120 VAC, (16) Form A (SPST) no-suppression, 2 isolated common(s), 8 point(s) per common, 2A/point, 8A/common.
P1-16CDR – Productivity1000 discrete combo module, Input: 8-point, 24 VAC/VDC, sinking/sourcing, Output: 8-point, 6-24 VDC/6-120 VAC, relay, (8) Form A (SPST) relays, 1A/point.
P1-08SIM – Productivity1000 simulator input module, 8-point.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Productivity Open P1AM Industrial Arduino P1000 Expansion Analog Combination Module


The productivity open P1AM I/O interface chip-set supports the full suite of Productivity 1000 I/O expansion modules. These modules are industry approved and proven in the industrial environment. Modern industrial signal levels for digital and analog inputs and outputs are used.

P1000 modules available to you include the following:
• Discrete
• Analog
• Temperature
• Relay
• High-speed Input
• PWM

We will be wiring and programming our P1-4ADL2DAL-1 combination analog input and output module that came with the P1AM-START1 ProductivityOpen starter kit with Ethernet. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Productivity Open P1AM Industrial Arduino Math Instructions


Math instructions in your Arduino sketches (programs) consist of arithmetic operations, compound operators, absolute, power, square root, sin, cos, tan, random, map and constrain.

These instructions will be generally used with other instructions in your sketch.

We will be looking at each of these instructions that are available using productivity blocks. A sample program will be discussed that will involve some of these math instructions. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Productivity Open P1AM Industrial Arduino GPIO Inputs and Outputs


The P1AM-GPIO is an industrial rated shield for the P1AM-100 Arduino system. It provides a connection from most of the P1AM-100 GPIO pins to the front 18 position terminal block connector.

We will be looking at the wiring and programming of this input and output industrial rated shield that mounts on the left side of the P1AM-100 CPU arduino unit.

Analog points will be wired to a potentiometer and LED (light-emitting diode) for demonstration of the voltage range that we can input and output. Digital points will be wired for discrete input and output using a pushbutton switch and LED. PWM (pulse width modulation) will also be used to control the brightness of a LED connected to a digital output. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Click PLC to Stride Field IO Modbus TCP

The Click PLC can use remote inputs and outputs from Stride. The Stride Field I/O Modules are simple and compact. They provide an economical means to connect inputs and outputs to an Ethernet Modbus TCP communication network. Every module operates as a standalone Modbus TCP server and can be configured via a built-in web server.

Previously we looked at the Stride Field Remote IO Modules Modbus TCP Ethernet wiring and configuration.
Stride Field Remote IO Modules Modbus TCP Ethernet|
– Unboxing SIO MB12CDR and SIO MB04ADS Video
Powering and Configuring Video
We will be connecting two Stride remote inputs and outputs to the Click PLC. Modbus TCP will be the protocol over Ethernet to communicate to the SIO-MB12CDR and SIO-MB04ADS units.
SIO-MB12CDR
– STRIDE discrete combo module, Input: 8-point, 12-24 VDC, sinking, Output: 4-point, relay, (4) Form C (SPDT) relays, 2A/point, (1) Ethernet (RJ45) port(s), Modbus TCP server.
SIO-MB04ADS
– STRIDE analog input module, 4-channel, current/voltage, 16-bit, isolated, input current signal range(s) of +/- 20 mA, input voltage signal range(s) of +/- 10 VDC, (1) Ethernet (RJ45) port(s), Modbus TCP server.
We will be reading an analog voltage into the Click PLC from the remote IO unit. We will then set an output to pulse on and off at a time range indicated by this analog signal. The output will be on the other remote IO unit and will trigger the input to signal. We will look at the Frequency, Count, and Status of this input. Our Click PLC program will also take into consideration watchdog (communication time out) and power-up events for the Stride remote input and output units.
Let’s get started. Keep on Reading!

Wiring 3 Wire DC NPN and PNP Sensors




I recently received a question on PNP and NPN sensors. They wanted an explanation of what a sink is and how to wire one. Confusion over the Normally Open and Normally Closed function of the sensor is also a common question. Several diagrams will show a resistor attached to the blue wire and a load across the others, what does it all mean?

It is quite confusing sometimes the language we use for these devices. Sometimes it is the way we talk about the sensor and sometimes about the device we are connecting. (PLC)
We will break it down and go over the wiring to a PLC input. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Universal Signal Conditioner and Isolator

Signal conditioners are used with analog current and voltage signals. They have the ability to change your input analog signal to another output analog signal. As an example, we can have 4-20mA analog input and change it to a 0-10VDC output signal so we can wire this into our PLC. Typically signal conditioners will also electrically isolate the input and output signals. This is either done by magnetic or optical isolation. You would usually specify the input and output signals that are required in your circuit to choose the signal conditioner required. Using a universal signal conditioner will take a variety of signals and is a great product to use in troubleshooting analog circuits.

We will be using a universal signal conditioner to convert a thermocouple temperature input into a 0-10VDC linear output. This will be wired into the analog card of the Click PLC.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Wiring an Ultrasonic Proximity Sensor to the Click PLC

An ultrasonic sensor (switch) is able to detect object presence without physical contact (limit switch). No physical contact means that the switch has no parts that will wear out. The life span of the sensor is increased with less maintenance.
An ultrasonic sensor will use sound waves to detect objects. These sound waves are at a level that we cannot hear. Distance is measured by the time it takes to send and receive the ultrasonic wave. Objects can be measured the same no matter what the colour, transparency, shininess, or lighting conditions of the application.

We will be wiring an ultrasonic sensor into the input of our Click PLC. This will include a discrete and analog input signal. The UK1F-E7-0A is an 18mm diameter sensor that has a PNP N.O./N.C. selectable output with analog output of 0 -10 VDC. The sensing distance is 200mm to 2200mm and has a one-hertz switching capacity. A 4-pin M12 quick disconnect is available but we will be wiring in our 2m wired version. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Wiring a Capacitive Proximity NPN PNP Sensor to the Click PLC

A proximity sensor (switch) is able to detect object presence without physical contact like a limit switch. No physical contact means that the switch has no parts that will wear out. The life span of the sensor is increased with less maintenance.
A capacitive proximity sensor will detect ferrous and non-ferrous objects. The sensor works by oscillating the charge on the plates in the sensor. When an object is placed in front of the surface, the amount of current flow is detected. (Capacitance) The dielectric of objects will determine the distance that the object can be detected.

We will be wiring a capacitive proximity switch into the input of our Click PLC. The CK1-00-2H is an 18mm diameter, NPN/PNP N.O./N.C. selectable output with a 12mm sensing distance. That means that the sensor can be wired as positive (Sourcing) or negative (Sinking) switch. This unshielded 10 Hz switching frequency sensor also has a 4-pin M12 quick disconnect. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!

Wiring an Inductive Proximity NPN PNP Sensor to the Click PLC

A proximity sensor (switch) is able to detect object presence without physical contact like a limit switch. No physical contact means that the switch has no parts that will wear out. The life span of the sensor is increased with less maintenance.
An inductive proximity sensor will detect ferrous metals. The sensor develops an electric field when metal (sensing object) is introduced usually killing the oscillation circuit of the sensor triggering the output.

We will be wiring an inductive proximity switch into the input of our Click PLC. The AM1-A0-4A is an extended range 12mm tubular sensor that can be wired into the PLC as a sink or source input. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!