We will now look at active and passive buzzer outputs on our Arduino UNO controller. Electronic buzzers are DC-powered and equipped with an integrated circuit. They are widely used in computers, printers, photocopiers, alarms, electronic toys, automotive electronic devices, telephones, timers, and other electronic products for voice devices. Buzzers can be categorized as active and passive. Turn the pins of two buzzers face up. The one with a green circuit board is a passive buzzer, while the other enclosed with black tape is an active one.
We will be wiring passive and active buzzers to our Arduino UNO R3 controller on our super starter kit. Two pushbuttons with pull-down resistors will control the buzzers. Pressing the first button will play a melody on the passive buzzer. A two-tone alarm will sound using the active buzzer when the other push button is selected. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
We will now be looking at how to use analog inputs to our Arduino UNO controller. An analog input converts a voltage level into a digital value. This can then be used in our Arduino program or sketch. The analog input signal can represent many different items. Speed, levels, distance, brightness, density, humidity, etc. are a few items that this external input can represent.
We will be wiring a 10K potentiometer to the first analog input of the controller. The Arduino Uno R3 from our Super Starter Kit will be used. As the analog values changes via our potentiometer, we will use PWM to change the brightness of an LED. We will look at how this conversion from analog voltage to digital is done. Values will be displayed on the built-in serial monitor of our Arduino IDE software. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
Arduino consists of a family of single programmable circuit boards and the IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that uses a streamlined version of C++ to write and upload code to the boards. Many pre-configured circuit boards, called “shields”, are available to expand the functionality of the Arduino controller. These shields can provide Ethernet, WiFi, GPS, LCD displays, and motor controls, among others, by simply “stacking” or connecting the shields to the Arduino controller board. This Lego-style building of electronic devices is becoming more popular.
The Arduino UNO is one of the best board to learn about electronics and coding. This robust board is the most used and documented board of the whole Arduino family.
We will be looking at the Elegoo Arduino UNO R3 Super Starter Kit. Opening up this great learning tool and discussing the Uno board itself.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!