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## Click PLC PID Instruction and Autotuning

A PID (Proportional, Integral, and Derivative) control is possible with the Click PLC. The Click Programming Software version 2.50 now includes PID. This features 8 full-featured control loops with an easy graphical user interface (GUI). PID will run on all of the Ethernet-enabled Click PLCs.
We will be using this PID along with a Factory IO scene to demonstrate PID control and Autotuning using our Click PLC.

Here are some references on PID control:
PID without a Ph.D. By Tim Wescott
Understanding PID in 4 minutes
PID Control – A brief introduction
PID Controllers Explained
Who Else Wants to Learn about On-Off and PID Control?
Our Factory IO scene will be controlling the level of water in a tank. PID will be used to maintain the level based on a dial pot knob on the control panel. Let’s get started!

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## Productivity 1000 Series PLC PID Ramp Soak

Productivity PLC – PID Ramp Soak Instruction
The purpose of a ramp soak instruction is to make gradual, controlled changes in temperature (Ramp), followed by a temperature hold (Soak) period.
We will be using our Proportional-Integral-Derivative PID Instruction that we looked at last time to apply the ramp/soak instruction.

Using the immersion heater in a cup of water to keep the temperature at a constant value, we will be adjusting the profile of the temperature as we increase the set point (Ramp) and hold that set point for a predetermined time. (Soak)

We will be modifying our existing program from our PID loop instruction. Let’s get started.

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## Productivity 1000 Series PLC PID Instruction

PID Loop (PID) Instruction (Auto Tuning) – Productivity 1000 PLC
A Proportional-Integral-Derivative algorithm is a generic Control Loop feedback formula widely used in industrial control systems. A PID algorithm attempts to correct the Error between a measured process variable and the desired setpoint by calculating and then outputting a corrective action that can adjust the process accordingly and rapidly, to keep the Error to a minimum.

The following links will explain the PID instruction.
https://www.csimn.com/CSI_pages/PIDforDummies.html
http://www.ni.com/white-paper/3782/en/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PID_controller
We will be using an immersion heater in a cup of water to keep the temperature at a constant value. Using the Productivity Suite software we will perform an autotune on our PID instruction.

Our immersion heater will be controlled through a relay using time proportional control from our PID output. Let’s get started.