PID Ramp Soak Instruction
The purpose of a ramp soak instruction is to make gradual, controlled changes in temperature (Ramp), followed by a temperature hold (Soak) period.
We will be using our Proportional-Integral-Derivative PID Instruction that we looked at last time to apply the ramp/soak instruction.
Using the immersion heater in a cup of water to keep the temperature at a constant value, we will be adjusting the profile of the temperature as we increase the set point (Ramp) and hold that set point for a predetermined time. (Soak)
We will be modifying our existing program from our PID loop instruction. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
PID Loop (PID) Instruction (Auto Tuning)
A Proportional-Integral-Derivative algorithm is a generic Control Loop feedback formula widely used in industrial control systems. A PID algorithm attempts to correct the Error between a measured process variable and the desired setpoint by calculating and then outputting a corrective action that can adjust the process accordingly and rapidly, to keep the Error to a minimum.
The following links will explain the PID instruction.
We will be using an immersion heater in a cup of water to keep the temperature at a constant value. Using the Productivity Suite software we will perform an autotune on our PID instruction.
Our immersion heater will be controlled through a relay using time proportional control from our PID output. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
Secure PLC Email messaging is now available in the latest version of the Productivity Programming suite. SMTP or Transport layer security (TLS) email with an attachment and/or latest data log files can be sent. To be able to use this feature you must have installed Productivity programming suite v3.4 or higher and then load the latest firmware to the Productivity CPU. We can set up 4 different accounts in our PLC project. Account templates are already installed for some of the more common email servers.
We will be sending an email using a Gmail account with authentication. This will also include attached logged data files, error and event files. Our message will also include a switch and register current values when sending our email. We will also discuss how the PLC can send a text (SMS) message. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
Advanced HMI is a powerful, adaptable HMI/SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) development package that takes advantage of Visual Studio. There is no coding required and you can simply drag and drop items onto the page. The best thing is that the software is free. We will look at using AdvancedHMI with the Productivity 1000 Series PLC.
Our sample Productivity 1000 PLC program will display a digital panel meter and a gauge of a value in the PLC. Stop and start momentary pushbuttons on the HMI will allow this number to increase or stop. An indication will turn green when the number is increasing and red when it has stopped. The AdvancedHMI package will communicate Modbus TCP over Ethernet to the Productivity 1000 PLC. We will be able to monitor our process via the AdvancedHMI window. Let’s get started.
Firmware is usually PLC operating system code that is written into a read only memory. The BIOS (Basic Input Output System) of a PC (personal computer) is a good example of firmware. It provides the low level interface between the hardware and software. The firmware for the productivity series of PLC’s must be downloaded separately from the programming software.
We will be updating our firmware of our Productivity 1000 PLC from 188.8.131.52 to the latest version 184.108.40.206. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The productivity series of PLCs comes with 4 built-in communication ports for easy connectivity to your PC or various industrial networks. Ethernet protocols like Modbus TCP can be utilized with the RJ45 port on this PLC. Modbus TCP is an open (published) protocol that uses the Server (Master) / Client (Slave) architecture. It’s a very common protocol used in industrial automation controls.
We will be using the RJ45 (Ethernet) port to communicate to a Click PLC. Modbus TCP will be the protocol used on this Ethernet communication media. The Productivity 1000 PLC will be the server and the Click PLC will be the client. We will be creating a network between the two PLC units. A heartbeat will be used so if communications is lost, the server (slave) will know. The throughput time will be timed by using a small program in the Click PLC. You will soon see how the Productivity Series of PLC’s is the best way to handle communication to other devices. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The productivity series of PLCs comes with 4 built-in communication ports for easy connectivity to your PC or various industrial networks. Serial protocols like Modbus RTU can be utilized with either the RS232 or RS485 ports on this PLC. Modbus RTU is an open (published) protocol that uses the Master / Slave architecture. It’s a very common protocol used in industrial automation controls.
We will be using the RS485 (2-wire) port to communicate to a Solo Process Temperature Controller. Modbus RTU will be the protocol used on this serial communication media. The PLC will be the master and the Solo process temperature controller will be the slave. You will soon see how the Productivity Series of PLC’s is the best way to handle communication to other devices. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The productivity series of PLCs has a built in web server. This web server function can make a non secure (HTTP) connection to the CPU. This is done with your browser. You can then view read only system tags and open, save or delete files stored on the micro SD drive.
Previously we stored data logged files on the USB (Micro SD) storage device. We will now start and configure the web server function. Look at the files from our data logger and view the system files available. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The productivity series of PLCs has a built in data logger. This easy data logger will log up to 64 tag values on a USB (Micro SD) storage device connected to the CPU. The logs will be stored in CSV (Comma Separated Values) file format. Logging can be triggered by the rising edge transition of a Boolean tag (event) or configured to occur at regular intervals (scheduled).
A USB storage device should be normally connected if logging data. The CPU maintains an internal 73KB buffer for temporarily logging data while no USB storage device is present. Data in the buffer will not be retained through a power cycle. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The productivity series of PLCs has a Drum and Sequencer instruction.
Drum instructions are great tools. They mimic an electromagnetically drum sequencer. Have you ever seen the mechanisms of a music box? Ok so it’s a little drum with pegs that catch and flick the chimes in a particular sequence to play whatever tune is on the drum. So in the PLC you can have a drum driven by an event, (input from a limit switch or button), or by time.
Sequencers are similar to the drum instruction. The sequencer output can have up to 16 Boolean, Integer or Numerical Tags per step. Drum instruction outputs are limited to the same 16 bit (Boolean) outputs. Each step in the sequencer can be defined by time or /and event and specified outputs can be set going into and out of the step.
We have done similar Drum instructions for the BRX Series PLC and the Click PLC.
BRX PLC Drum Instruction – Video
Click PLC Drum Instruction – Video
We will be discussing the drum and sequencer instructions in the Productivity Series PLC. Simple examples will be done to demonstrate the power of these instructions. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!