A Proportional-Integral-Derivative algorithm is a generic Control Loop feedback formula widely used in industrial control systems. A PID algorithm attempts to correct the error between a measured process variable and the desired setpoint by calculating and then outputting a corrective action that can adjust the process accordingly and rapidly, to keep the Error to a minimum.
Here are some references on PID control:
PID without a Ph.D. By Tim Wescott
Understanding PID in 4 minutes
PID Control – A brief introduction
PID Controllers Explained
Who Else Wants to Learn about On-Off and PID Control?
We will be using an immersion heater in a cup of water to keep the temperature at a constant value. Using the Do-More Designer software we will perform an autotune on our PID instruction.
Our immersion heater will be controlled through a relay using time proportional control from our PID output. Let’s get started! Continue Reading!
I was recently asked the following question after posting the Analog Dust to Dawn program:
” I was wondering if there’s an easy way to increment and decrement a range of values.
e.g. I have a range of registers (V100 ~V611) the values in each register are different. But I want to increment or decrement all the registers values by 1 at the same time. So that the ramp rate is the same.
Is that possible without having to do 6 rungs of logic for each register?
To elaborate a little on my use case. 512 registers were chosen because that equals one DMX universe. So my scaling factor is 0~255.
16 channels are mapped to two BX-08DA-2B modules to control 0-10 fixtures. All other channels are mapped to SERIO module to control DMX512 fixtures and other devices.”
We will be looking at the DMX512 protocol and how to control 512 registers at a time using our BRX PLC (Do-More). Let’s get started! Continue Reading!
A dusk to dawn sensor usually is discrete on/off of the lighting control. If we want to vary the lights to mimic more of the sunset and rise, we would use an analog output to control the lights. I was recently asked about such a program. Every day they wanted the lights to go off at 10 pm and come back on at 6 am. At 9:30 pm the lights would be on at 70% or 7volts of a 0-10V signal. In the next half hour, the program will bring the lights from 70% down to 0%. In the morning the lights will come back on within the half-hour from 0% to 70%. Poultry Farms are one place that would utilize this program.
We will be developing a program that will do this with our BRX PLC (Do-More). Let’s get started! Continue Reading!
One of the features of the BRX Series PLC is the ability to expand its capability to fit your application. Software and hardware changes are ongoing so the PLC can grow with your needs. Communication is something that the BRX PLC can do very well. As part of the internet of things (IoT), the BRX will share and exchange data. You can also refer to this as the industrial internet of things. This will suit several industrial applications.
The Do-more Updates Release 2.5.2 on April 22, 2019, has introduced new instructions. Here are the instructions that we will be using:
HTTPCMD – HTTP Request / Response with Server (BRX only)
JSONPARSE – Parse JSON Text (BRX only)
We will be using these instructions to read the weather conditions from a website. Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
Last time we created our first program and transferred this to our connected Productivity 1000 Series PLC. This was programmed with our computer running the Productivity Suite Software. One of the most important aspects of programming the PLC is to document. This will aid you and your team in programming, troubleshooting and modifying the automation control system. Your documentation should read like a book so information can be quickly obtained when required. Time spent on the documentation will be priceless when you go to read your program in 1, 3 or 10 years from now. The Productivity Suite software provides several different methods for documenting your program.
Tag Names and Details, Task Names and Descriptions, Rung Comments and Instruction comments are the ways that we will be looking at documenting our program.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The Productivity 1000 Series PLC uses the Productivity Suite Software. The software can be downloaded free of charge. It is the full package without restrictions or limitations.
The latest Productivity Suite software version is 220.127.116.11. Automation Direct has put 20 years of programmable controller software experience along with customer suggestions and feedback into this programming package. It has great features that we will be exploring as we program our Productivity 1000 Series PLC.
This is the same software that will program the entire Productivity Series of programmable logic controllers.
Productivity 1000 (Stackable Micro PLC)
Productivity 2000 (Micro Modular Programmable Controller)
Productivity 3000 (Modular Programmable Controller)
We will be installing and reviewing the Productivity Suite software version 18.104.22.168.
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The program control instructions will allow us to specify what parts of the logic get solved and when this happens. This will control how the PLC will scan and solve your logic in your program using a synchronous PLC Scan. Understanding the PLC program scan will explain the synchronous and asynchronous program scanning. Ladder logic programs get solved left to right, top to bottom. The result of the rung before is available for the next rung.
Using programs, tasks and subroutines in our BRX Series PLC we can divide up our program into smaller segments. This will help when we troubleshoot the system in the field as the system integrator. Let’s look at some samples of each of the above mentioned methods. Continue Reading!
Recently I was asked to demonstrate communication between a BRX PLC and Click PLC using Modbus RTU. Both PLCs are available from automation direct com. Modbus serial communication (Modbus RTU) is a standard protocol used in many automation devices. It works on a Master / Slave configuration. You can have only one master per network on Modbus RTU (Remote Terminal Unit). A maximum of 32 devices (Nodes) on the network can communicate to the master. A review of the Modbus RTU protocol (RTU frames) can be seen at the following URL.
Using the BRX PLC as a Master, we will be communicating to the Click PLC (Slave). Our example will read 10 registers from the Click PLC and write 10 registers from the BRX PLC. Let’s get started! Continue Reading!
Our first program for the BRX PLC involved a start stop jog circuit. We will now use the Do-More Designer Software to modify this program while the PLC is scanning the logic. This is referred to as online programming or online editing. As a system integrator, this ability can prove very useful to you in the field when commissioning your automation system.
We will also be using the special Debug Mode of the software to monitor the ladder logic status and bits on a scan by scan basis. Forcing the inputs and outputs, we will control the execution of the PLC scan. This is a great feature of the Do-More Designer software.
Here is a link explaining the logic behind our circuit.
How to Make a Start Stop Jog Circuit in a PLC
Let’s get started. Continue Reading!
The BRX PLC uses the Do-More Designer software which can be downloaded free of charge and includes a simulator. The latest Do-More Designer software version is 2.0.3. This is the same software that we used in the Learn PLC Programming Fee Video Series.
The Do-More Designer software can be used to program the whole series of programmable logic controllers.
Do-More H2 (Micro Modular PLC)
Do-More T1H (Stackable PLC)
BRX Series PLC (Stackable Micro Brick)
We will be installing and reviewing the Do-More Designer software version 2.0.3. Version 2 is mainly to accommodate the new BRX Series PLC. Continue Reading!